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Health And Wellness News

Strong alcohol policies help reduce alcohol-involved homicides
Boston - Stronger alcohol policies, including taxes and sales restrictions, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of alcohol involvement among homicide victims, according to a new study from Boston Medical Center BMC and Boston University. The study, published online in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs , supports the importance of alcohol control policies to reduce violence, including homicide. Alcohol is an established risk factor for homici ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
First large scale study of cocaine users leads to breakthrough in drug testing
Scientists from the University of Surrey have developed a rapid and highly sensitive fingerprint test that can take just seconds to confirm whether someone has used cocaine. This new breakthrough, published in Clinical Chemistry , comes as a result of the first large scale study of cocaine users and could pave the way for the detection of a range of other Class A substances. The research was carried out with partners from the Netherlands Forensic Institute ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
Emergency contraception not as accessible as it should be, says CU Anschutz st...
AURORA, Colo. Sept. 22, 2017 -- Efforts to remove barriers to accessing emergency contraception EC scored victories in 2013, when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration removed age restrictions on over-the-counter sales of the levonogestrel drug Plan B. But those who need EC can still encounter cost and availability barriers. Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine discovered this when they asked 633 Colorado pharmacies in 2014 about EC ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
The surprising, ancient behavior of jellyfish
At first glance, humans seem to have very little in common with Cassiopea , a primitive jellyfish. Cassiopea is brainless, spineless, and spends essentially its entire life sitting upside down on the ocean floor, pulsating every few seconds. However, Caltech scientists have now discovered that, as different as our daily schedules may seem, humans and jellyfish actually start and end their days with the same behavior sleep. This finding that jellyfish sleep ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
Signs of sleep seen in jellyfish
Jellyfish snooze just like the rest of us. Like humans, mice, fish and flies, the upside-down jellyfish Cassiopea exhibits the telltale signs of sleep, scientists report September 21, 2017 in the journal Current Biology . But unlike other animals that slumber, jellyfish don t have a central nervous system. It s the first example of sleep in animals without a brain, says study coauthor Paul Sternberg , a Howard Hughes Medical Institute HHMI Investigator at ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
Preterm children have more medical sleep problems but fall asleep more indepen...
DARIEN, IL - September 21, 2017 - A new study suggests that while healthy preterm children have more medical sleep problems than full-term children, they are more likely to fall asleep independently. Results show that preterm children displayed more medical sleep problems such as nocturnal movement, restlessness during the night and breathing problems, compared with those born at full term. However, a lower degree of behavioral sleep problems were present ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
‘A Genius in the Art of Living’: Industrial Psychology Pioneer Lillian Gilbreth
Psychological scientist Lillian Moller Gilbreth achieved an astounding number of 8216 firsts. 8217 An expert in industrial psychology, she was the first woman to become full professor in engineering school at Purdue University in 1935 and she was the first woman elected to the National Academy of Engineering. She was also the first woman awarded the Hoover Award, bestowed jointly by five leading engineering organizations for 8220 great, unselfish, non-tech ...
Psychological Science - Sun. Sep 24
Self-Driving Cars Face Psychological Speed Bumps
The technology to put autonomous vehicles on the road in large numbers is available, today. Manufacturers are pushing the accelerator General Motors announced its readiness to mass-produce autonomous cars in mid-June. The US government is trying to keep pace, with the House Energy and Commerce Committee approving the SELF DRIVE Act unanimously earlier this month. The bill allows for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NHTSA to create some na ...
Psychological Science - Sun. Sep 24
Obese dogs helped by 'effective' weight loss trials
On average overweight dogs lose an average of 11 of their bodyweight when enrolled on a weight loss trial according to researchers who have conducted the largest international multi-centre weight study. Obesity is the most common medical disease in dogs in different geographical regions and, much like in humans, is associated with a variety of ailments including orthopaedic disease, diabetes mellitus, altered renal function and respiratory dysfunction. In ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
Our weight tells how we assess food
It can be considered an instance of embodiment in which our brain interacts with our body . This is the comment made by Raffaella Rumiati, neuroscientist at the International School for Advanced Studies - SISSA in Trieste, on the results of research carried out by her group which reveals that the way we process different foods changes in accordance with our body mass index. With two behavioural and electroencephalographic experiments, the study demonstrate ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Sep 24
Authentic or Disingenuous?
You re at a dinner party and Joe, whom you ve never met before, tells the host that the main course is delicious. Your spouse whispers to you, You think Joe really likes the food You respond affirmatively, but how confident are you that he meant what he said Imagine instead that Joe said, Sorry, but this tastes pretty bad. How confident would you be that Joe disliked the food If you are like most observers, you would be more confident that the Joe who said ...
Psychology Today - Wed. Sep 20
How to Choose Effective Self-Help Resources
It seems that just about everyone has read a self-help book, attended a support group or surfed online for health information at one time or another. Thousands of new self-help books are published each year. About one in five adults will attend a support group in their lifetime and 80 percent of Internet users have sought health information online. Americans spend an estimated 10 billion per year on self-improvement products. Health-related websites abound ...
Psychology Today - Wed. Sep 20
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