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Health And Wellness News

Immune molecule protects against Zika virus infection in animal models
A molecule naturally produced by the immune system protects mice and monkeys against Zika virus infection, an international team of researchers has found. Administering the molecule, called 25-hydroxycholesterol or 25HC, to pregnant mice reduced Zika virus infection in the fetal brain and protected against Zika-induced microcephaly. The work was supported in part by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIAID , a component of the Nation ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Mar 14
Researchers create model of anorexia nervosa using stem cells
An international research team, led by scientists at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, has created the first cellular model of anorexia nervosa AN , reprogramming induced pluripotent stem cells iPSCs derived from adolescent females with the eating disorder. Writing in the March 14th issue of Translational Psychiatry , the scientists said the resulting AN neurons -- the disease in a dish -- revealed a novel gene that appears to contribu ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Mar 14
Less than half of elderly hip fracture patients take vitamin D supplements
Despite national recommendations for daily vitamin D intake, a new study presented today at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons AAOS found that just 45.7 percent of patients reported consistently taking vitamin D supplements following a hip fracture, a known treatment and preventative strategy for osteoporosis. In the U.S., an estimated 44 million people have osteoporosis and another 10 million are at risk for the diseas ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Mar 14
What's the Difference Between Me and You?
Imagine that you have a serious accident that leaves you lying brain -dead on a hospital bed. Your body is still alive but you are no longer self-conscious nor can you ever again be. Are you still you Some thinkers have argued that a person at a time A is the same as a person at a time B because his body or brain is the same body or brain at both times, in the sense that they are continuous in space and time. Other have argued that this is not the case, an ...
Psychology Today - Tue. Mar 14
Evolutionary Psychology Applies to Everyone
Nature...is what we are put in this world to rise above. Katharine Hepburn, African Queen 1951
Psychology Today - Tue. Mar 14
Stress Mindset Tied to Physical and Mental Health
An abundance of literature has pointed toward a clear link between stress and performance. This association is critical for understanding the contextually-dependent nature of testing, diagnosis, and assessment, which can be influenced by such intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Research in cognitive behavioral therapy CBT suggests that cognitive reappraisal, or the ability to change one s thoughts in the presence of emotionally-charged stimuli, can improve re ...
Psychology Today - Tue. Mar 14
Accountable Care Organizations reduced medical costs without increasing drug c...
PITTSBURGH, March 13, 2017 - A key component of the Affordable Care Act successfully saved Medicare 345 per person in medical costs in its first year without driving up prescription drug coverage costs, according to an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. Published in the journal Medical Care , the study is the first to look at how the Accountable Care Organization ACO model affected Medicare Part D prescription dr ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 13
More transparency at FDA needed, researchers say
As the new administration considers the future direction of the Food and Drug Administration, a group of leading researchers has created a Blueprint for Transparency at the agency to advance the development of safe and effective new products. The researchers include senior faculty from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women s Hospital, Yale Medical School, and Yale Law School. The project was organized ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 13
Study questions benefits of long-term use of ADHD medications
In a study that followed more than 500 children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD into adulthood, extended use of stimulant medication was linked with suppressed adult height but not with reduced symptoms of ADHD. The findings suggest that short-term treatment of ADHD with stimulant medication is well justified by benefits that outweigh costs, but long-term treatment may be associated with growth-related costs that may not be balanced by s ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 13
Tick tock: Time to sleep? Sleeping parasite has own internal clock
A team of researchers from iMM Lisboa led by Lu 237 sa Figueiredo and in collaboration with Joe Takahashi s group from Southwestern University has shown for the first time that the parasite responsible for sleeping sickness, Trypanosoma brucei , has its own internal clock, which allows it to antecipate daytime alterations of its surrounding environment and become more virulent. The article, published in Nature Microbiology , reveals that the parasites slig ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 13
Doctors and patients often disagree on pain treatment goals
Disagreements between doctors and patients over the priorities of pain treatment are common during primary care office visits, new research from UC Davis Health shows. Patients hope to reduce pain intensity and identify the cause, while physicians aim to improve physical function and reduce medication side effects, including dependency. Based on their findings, published online in The Clinical Journal of Pain , the authors recommend pain-focused communicat ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 13
The looming threat of Asian tobacco companies to global health
There are already one billion tobacco smokers worldwide, and this number is likely to rise further with Asian tobacco companies poised to enter the global market, according to SFU health sciences professor Kelley Lee. While companies like British American Tobacco and Philip Morris, traditionally known as Big Tobacco , have been rightfully targeted by tobacco control efforts to date, on the horizon are several companies based in Asia going global with their ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Mar 13
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