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Therapy And Wellness News

Opioids following cesarean delivery may be over-prescribed
Cesarean delivery is the most common inpatient surgical procedure in the United States, with 1.4 million c-sections performed each year. Opioids, most commonly oxycodone, are the standard pain medications prescribed to women following cesarean delivery, but the number of pills that are prescribed varies between providers and institutions, and there is little data regarding how much pain medication patients actually require to manage their pain. In two pape ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Study finds failure to sustain reductions in carcinogens in cigarettes
Waterloo, Ontario Tobacco-specific nitrosamines TSNAs are potent carcinogens formed predominantly during the cigarette manufacturing process. Despite initial success lowering TSNA levels in cigarettes sold in Canada, following subsidies by the Ontario government to manufacturers in 2000, a study published today in the journal Nicotine Tobacco Research has found that the decrease in TSNAs have not been sustained. The authors reviewed TSNA levels in unburned ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Heroin's use rising, costing society more than $51 billion
Heroin use in the United States was estimated to cost society more than 51 billion in 2015, according to new research at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Made from morphine, heroin is an opiate commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects. According to the World Drug Report 2016 from the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime, heroin use has reached the highest level in 20 years in the U.S. and is the deadliest drug worldwide. UIC pharmacoec ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
NIH-led workshop addresses opioid misuse during pregnancy
Research is essential to determining how best to screen pregnant women for opioid use disorder, to treat pregnant women who have the disorder, and to care for infants as they experience withdrawal symptoms, according to experts convened for a National Institutes of Health workshop in April 2016. A summary of the workshop, co-sponsored by NIH s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NICHD , appears in the online issu ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Study shows Cesarean patients sent home with more narcotic pain medications th...
Most women who undergo a cesarean childbirth are prescribed more opioid narcotic pain medications than needed upon release from the hospital, a Vanderbilt University Medical Center VUMC study shows. The study, published online today in Obstetrics and Gynecology and in print in July, studied 179 cesarean patients from VUMC over an eight-week period to examine the variation in opioid prescribing and consumption after cesarean delivery, the most common major ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Mixing booze and pot is a serious threat to traffic safety
June 12, 2017Use of marijuana in combination with alcohol by drivers is especially dangerous, according to a latest study conducted at Columbia University s Mailman School of Public Health. Drivers who used alcohol, marijuana, or both were significantly more likely to be responsible for causing fatal two-vehicle crashes compared to drivers who were involved in the same crashes but used neither of the substances. The findings are published in the journal, A ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Military service boosts resilience, well-being among transgender veterans
Transgender people make up a small percentage of active-duty U.S. military personnel, but their experience in the service may yield long-term, positive effects on their mental health and quality of life. A study from the University of Washington finds that among transgender older adults, those who had served in the military reported fewer symptoms of depression and greater mental health-related quality of life. The findings were published in a February spe ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Study of transgender preschoolers assesses preferences and identity
Gender may be the earliest identity and social category to emerge in development, research suggests, and acquiring knowledge about one s gender is considered a critical part of early childhood development. In one of the first examinations of early gender development among transgender preschoolers, a new study has found that these children were just as likely as nontransgender children to have preferences associated with their gender, and to have as strong ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Eye dilation sex specific but not sexually explicit, study finds
People s eyes dilate when they are looking at people they find sexually appealing -- but new research from the University of Kent suggests that their response does not depend on whether the person being viewed is naked or clothed. Researchers from the University s School of Psychology studied whether a stronger dilation for the preferred sex is produced when participants viewed images depicting higher levels of sexual explicitness compared to images low on ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
LGB-focused resources help stressed teens cope
It gets better. These three words have become a pop-culture mantra for struggling young people in the gay and lesbian community. Yet, simply imaging a better future -- however well-intentioned the idea -- is not the best coping strategy for teens dealing with stress related to their sexual orientation, and, in some cases, it may even do more harm than good, according to a new study led by University of Arizona researcher Russell Toomey. A better method, ac ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
First ever data on number of gender confirmation surgeries
For the first time, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons ASPS is reporting on the number of gender confirmation surgeries in the United States. ASPS--the world s largest plastic surgery organization--found that more than 3,200 transfeminine and transmasculine surgeries were performed in 2016. The procedures can include anything from facial and body contouring to gender reassignment surgeries. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to gender confirmatio ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
Just ask: Documenting sexual orientation and gender identity among transgender...
DES PLAINES, IL--Transgender patients feel it is more important for health care providers to know their gender identity GI than their sexual orientation SI , but are willing to disclose SO GI in general. That is the primary finding of a study to be published in the June 2017 issue of Academic Emergency Medicine AEM , a journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. The study, led by Dr. Allysha C. Maragh-Bass is one of the first to recruit a natio ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 12
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