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Therapy And Wellness News

Back after a century, for-profit medical schools could make impact
PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] -- More than 100 years ago, the influential Flexner Report on medical education decried the then-prevalent model of for-profit medical education, leading to its complete disappearance from the United States for decades. But just recently, for-profit medical education has returned, note three Brown University scholars in a new JAMA article that considers what the revival might mean. It s not so much that we re in favor of ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Global vaccine injury system needed to improve public health
A vital race is on in laboratories across the globe to develop a vaccine for the Zika virus. However, even if a vaccine were available today, many of the world s poorest people would not be able to receive it due to political and economic concerns surrounding vaccine injuries. Vaccine injuries are very rare and can range from minor immune responses such as hives to death. In an article published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association JAMA ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity
People who suffer long-term stress may also be more prone to obesity, according to research by scientists at UCL which involved examining hair samples for levels of cortisol, a hormone which regulates the body s response to stress. The paper, published in the journal Obesity , showed that exposure to higher levels of cortisol over several months is associated with people being more heavily, and more persistently, overweight. Chronic stress has long been hy ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Fructose is generated in the human brain
New Haven, Conn.-- Fructose, a form of sugar linked to obesity and diabetes, is converted in the human brain from glucose, according to a new Yale study. The finding raises questions about fructose s effects on the brain and eating behavior. The study was published on Feb. 23 by JCI Insight . Fructose is a simple sugar found in fruits, vegetables, table sugar, and many processed foods. Excess consumption of fructose contributes to high blood sugar and chro ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Fasting-mimicking diet may reverse diabetes
A diet designed to imitate the effects of fasting appears to reverse diabetes by reprogramming cells, a new USC-led study shows. The fasting-like diet promotes the growth of new insulin-producing pancreatic cells that reduce symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in mice, according to the study on mice and human cells led by Valter Longo, director of the Longevity Institute at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology. Cycles of a fasting-mimicking diet ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
BIDMC scientists survey the state of sleep science
Using new technologies, researchers have discovered numerous neural circuits that regulate sleep wake cycles. Findings provide new targets for therapies to promote sleep or enhance wakefulness. However, the brain s functions are complex, and the regulation and functions of sleep remain major medical mysteries. BOSTON - Sleep remains an enduring biological mystery with major clinical relevance, according to a review by clinician-researcher Thomas Scammell, ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Tired teens 4.5 times more likely to commit crimes as adults
Teenagers who self-report feeling drowsy mid-afternoon also tend to exhibit more anti-social behavior such as lying, cheating, stealing and fighting. Now, research from the University of Pennsylvania and the University of York, in the United Kingdom, shows that those same teens are 4.5 times more likely to commit violent crimes a decade and a half later. It s the first study to our knowledge to show that daytime sleepiness during teenage years are associat ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Tiny cavefish may help humans evolve to require very little sleep
We all do it we all need it -- humans and animals alike. Sleep is an essential behavior shared by nearly all animals and disruption of this process is associated with an array of physiological and behavioral deficits. Although there are so many factors contributing to sleep loss, very little is known about the neural basis for interactions between sleep and sensory processing. Neuroscientists at Florida Atlantic University have been studying Mexican cavefi ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Brain scans could help doctors predict adolescents' problem drug use before it...
There s an idea out there of what a drug-addled teen is supposed to look like impulsive, unconscientious, smart, perhaps - but not the most engaged. While personality traits like that could signal danger, not every adolescent who fits that description becomes a problem drug user. So how do you tell who s who There s no perfect answer, but researchers report February 21 in Nature Communications that they ve found a way to improve our predictions - using bra ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Many patients receive prescription opioids during treatment for opioid addiction
More than two in five people receiving buprenorphine, a drug commonly used to treat opioid addiction, are also given prescriptions for other opioid painkillers - and two-thirds are prescribed opioids after their treatment is complete, a new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health study suggests. The findings, published Feb. 23 in the journal Addiction , demonstrate the need for greater resources devoted to medication-assisted treatment, a common cl ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Penn study finds sons of cocaine-using fathers have profound memory impairments
PHILADELPHIA - Fathers who use cocaine at the time of conceiving a child may be putting their sons at risk of learning disabilities and memory loss. The findings of the animal study were published online in Molecular Psychiatry by a team of researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The researchers say the findings reveal that drug abuse by fathers--separate from the well-established effects of cocaine use in mother ...
EurekAlert - Thu. Feb 23
Gay marriage legalization linked to drop in teenage suicide attempts
In June 2015, the United States Supreme Court ruled that same-sex marriage bans were unconstitutional, enabling homosexual couples across America to marry. A new nationwide analysis suggests the legalization of gay marriage in the U.S. may have led to a drop in suicide attempts among high-school students.
Medical News Today - Thu. Feb 23
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