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Therapy And Wellness News

Smoking increases substantially during military service, Israeli research shows
In new research published in the peer-reviewed journal Nicotine Tobacco Research embargoed until January 23 at 14 00 GMT , researchers in Israel found that cigarette smoking increased by almost 40 during compulsory military service in the Israel Defense Forces IDF . In a systematic sample of nearly 30,000 soldiers from 1987 to 2011, the prevalence of smoking grew from 26.2 at recruitment to 36.5 at discharge, a 39.4 increase. The researchers, from Tel Aviv ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
How nicotine acts on the brains of schizophrenic patients
Several studies have indicated that schizophrenic patients are likely to show a high level of nicotine dependence. Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, the CNRS, Inserm and the ENS used a mouse model to elucidate the mechanism of action of nicotine on cells in the prefrontal cortex. They visualized how nicotine has a direct impact on the restoration of normal activity in nerve cells neurons involved in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. These fi ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Lung cancer patients with anxiety, depression die sooner: Study
Patients who experience anxiety and depression after being diagnosed with advanced lung cancer are more likely to die sooner, according to new research from the University of British Columbia and BC Cancer Agency. The study, published this month in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management , is among the first to examine the effect of anxiety and depression on survival rates for lung cancer patients. The findings build on similar previous research looking ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Kisspeptin hormone enhances brain response to sexual and emotional images
The peptide hormone kisspeptin controls reproductive functions in the body by stimulating the secretion of hormones that activate hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In this issue of the JCI , research led by Waljit Dhillo at Imperial College London examined whether kisspeptin also stimulates limbic brain areas, which are associated with mood and emotion, to influence reproductive behavior. Using functional neuroimaging, they discovered that administering ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Hormone can enhance brain activity associated with love and sex
The scientists behind the early-stage study, from Imperial College London, are now keen to explore whether kisspeptin could play a part in treating some psychosexual disorders -- sexual problems which are psychological in origin, and commonly occur in patients with infertility. The work was funded by the National Institute for Health Research, the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council. Kisspeptin is a naturally occurring hormone that stimulates t ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Direct link between sexual objectification of girls and aggression towards them
There is a direct relation between the sexual objectification of girls and aggression towards them, research by psychologists at the University of Kent has shown. The study, which looked at youth members of gangs as well as those with no gang affiliation, provides the first evidence of a link between objectification and non-sexual aggression in young people. Dr Eduardo Vasquez and colleagues at the University s School of Psychology, together with a former ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
The New Science of Consciousness
Like most neuroscientists my professional life has been focused on the easy problem of consciousness exploring experimental relationships between brain and mind activity, the so-called consciousness correlates or signatures of consciousness revealed with experimental measures like electroencephalography EEG and functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI . But, let s be clear such scientific efforts fall far short of adequately addressing the deep mystery o ...
Psychology Today - Tue. Jan 24
Machine Empath
Michelle Peck was programming a robotic arm at Seattle University when she felt it. As the device moved, there was a quickening in her own corresponding limb. It suddenly felt more deliberate and choppier, like the machine. There were sensations in her shoulder blade, elbow, index finger and thumb. She was compelled to imitate it. The 22-year-old electrical and computer engineering student has mirror-touch, empathic synesthesia so pronounced it extends to ...
Psychology Today - Tue. Jan 24
Word Soup
As a critical care physician, I am often involved in the care of patients who are dying. And I am distressed by the frequency of cases involving profound suffering that, I believe, could have been avoided. In that vein, I want to lay out some steps that will empower you to step around the many landmines that are buried in the weeds of chronic and critical illness. For most of us, getting clear on our preferences at the end of life is a process one best dea ...
Psychology Today - Tue. Jan 24
Facts, beliefs, and identity: The seeds of science skepticism
San Antonio, Texas - Psychological researchers are working to understand the cognitive processes, ideologies, cultural demands, and conspiracy beliefs that cause smart people to resist scientific messages. Using surveys, experiments, observational studies and meta-analyses, the researchers capture an emerging theoretical frontier with an eye to making science communication efforts smarter and more effective. Protecting Pet Beliefs One striking feature of p ...
EurekAlert - Sun. Jan 22
Seeing Is Believing: Religion, Madness, & Mechanism
Caravaggio s painting, The Incredulity of St Thomas above , in which the saint inquisitorially pokes a finger into the wound in the resurrected body of Christ, is a striking depiction of the saying that seeing is believing. But you could also see it as a remarkable image of Devil-in-the-detail scepticism versus faith-in-the-Word religiosity . As such, it makes an ideal icon for a recent study brought to my attention by Amar Annus. As the authors comment, A ...
Psychology Today - Sun. Jan 22
A Framework for Understanding Anger Arousal
Anger is a total mind-body experience. It is tension-filled and based on the interplay of feelings, thoughts, and physical reactions within our body. How we manage anger our quickness to anger, the situations that trigger our anger, and how we respond to anger are based on habit. It s the result of our biological makeup as well as our life experiences and their combined impact on the neuron pathways in the brain . As such, cultivating healthy anger managem ...
Psychology Today - Sun. Jan 22
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