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Therapy And Wellness News

New MRI method aids long-term concussion prognosis
For concussion sufferers, even those who never lost consciousness, physicians may now be able to predict early on who is more likely to continue experiencing symptoms months or years after the head-jarring event, using a new non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging MRI method devised by a consortium of researchers led by UC San Francisco scientists. In their new study, published online January 13, 2017 in the Journal of Neurotrauma , the researchers used a ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
A single episode of high fat intake injures liver metabolism
Diets that are consistently high in saturated fat are linked to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance, but it s not clear how high fat foods initiate the changes that lead to disease. In a study published this week in the JCI , Michael Roden s lab at the German Diabetes Center investigated how a single episode of high saturated fat intake affected insulin sensitivity and markers of metabolism in humans and mice. They f ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
High maternal BMI during pregnancy unlikely to cause fatness in childhood and ...
There is little evidence to support any long-term impact of maternal body mass index BMI in pregnancy on a child s risk of fatness in childhood and adolescence, according to a new study published in PLOS Medicine by Rebecca Richmond of the University of Bristol, UK, and colleagues. Research has shown that a mother s BMI during pregnancy is associated with greater birth size of her offspring. However, whether this association continues through childhood and ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Regulating 'gasotransmitters' could improve care for sleep apnea
Unbalanced signaling by two molecules that regulate breathing leads to sleep apnea in mice and rats, researchers report in the Jan. 23, 2017, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . They show, working with rodents, that injection of a substance that reduces production of one of those signals, hydrogen sulfide, can prevent apneas. This approach has the potential to help people suffering from multiple forms of sleep-disordered breathing. Apnea, the ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Study suggests that yoga and exercise fail to improve sleep in midlife women
DARIEN, IL - A new study indicates that yoga and aerobic exercise interventions did not significantly reduce objectively measured sleep disturbances among midlife women who were experiencing hot flashes. Secondary analyses of a randomized controlled trial show that neither 12 weeks of yoga nor 12 weeks of aerobic exercise had a statistically significant effect on objective measures of sleep duration or sleep quality recorded by actigraphy. Although the wom ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
AASM response to 'Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: Evidence Re...
DARIEN, IL -Obstructive sleep apnea OSA is a highly prevalent disease that remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Although the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force found no studies comparing screened and unscreened populations of asymptomatic adults or persons with unrecognized symptoms of OSA,1 the American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends screening patients who have a high risk for OSA, even if they don t have any sleep-related symptoms.2,3 Primary ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Smoking increases substantially during military service, Israeli research shows
In new research published in the peer-reviewed journal Nicotine Tobacco Research embargoed until January 23 at 14 00 GMT , researchers in Israel found that cigarette smoking increased by almost 40 during compulsory military service in the Israel Defense Forces IDF . In a systematic sample of nearly 30,000 soldiers from 1987 to 2011, the prevalence of smoking grew from 26.2 at recruitment to 36.5 at discharge, a 39.4 increase. The researchers, from Tel Aviv ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
How nicotine acts on the brains of schizophrenic patients
Several studies have indicated that schizophrenic patients are likely to show a high level of nicotine dependence. Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, the CNRS, Inserm and the ENS used a mouse model to elucidate the mechanism of action of nicotine on cells in the prefrontal cortex. They visualized how nicotine has a direct impact on the restoration of normal activity in nerve cells neurons involved in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. These fi ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Lung cancer patients with anxiety, depression die sooner: Study
Patients who experience anxiety and depression after being diagnosed with advanced lung cancer are more likely to die sooner, according to new research from the University of British Columbia and BC Cancer Agency. The study, published this month in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management , is among the first to examine the effect of anxiety and depression on survival rates for lung cancer patients. The findings build on similar previous research looking ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Kisspeptin hormone enhances brain response to sexual and emotional images
The peptide hormone kisspeptin controls reproductive functions in the body by stimulating the secretion of hormones that activate hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In this issue of the JCI , research led by Waljit Dhillo at Imperial College London examined whether kisspeptin also stimulates limbic brain areas, which are associated with mood and emotion, to influence reproductive behavior. Using functional neuroimaging, they discovered that administering ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Hormone can enhance brain activity associated with love and sex
The scientists behind the early-stage study, from Imperial College London, are now keen to explore whether kisspeptin could play a part in treating some psychosexual disorders -- sexual problems which are psychological in origin, and commonly occur in patients with infertility. The work was funded by the National Institute for Health Research, the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council. Kisspeptin is a naturally occurring hormone that stimulates t ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
Direct link between sexual objectification of girls and aggression towards them
There is a direct relation between the sexual objectification of girls and aggression towards them, research by psychologists at the University of Kent has shown. The study, which looked at youth members of gangs as well as those with no gang affiliation, provides the first evidence of a link between objectification and non-sexual aggression in young people. Dr Eduardo Vasquez and colleagues at the University s School of Psychology, together with a former ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jan 24
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