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Health And Wellness News

Study reveals how altered gut microbes cause obesity
New Haven, Conn.-- Obesity is linked to changes in our gut microbes -- the trillions of tiny organisms that inhabit our intestines. But the mechanism has not been clear. In a new study published in Nature , a Yale-led team of researchers has identified how an altered gut microbiota causes obesity. In an earlier study, Gerald I. Shulman, M.D., the George R. Cowgill Professor of Medicine, observed that acetate, a short-chain fatty acid, stimulated the secret ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Jun 8
Plant-based sweeteners may help individuals control their blood glucose levels
A new study shows that it is possible to reduce the level of sugar in muffins without affecting their textural properties by replacing half of the sugar content with stevianna or inulin, which are plant-based sweeteners. Also, after individuals consumed sugar-replaced muffins, their glycemic response--or the concentration of glucose in the blood--was lower than when they consumed regular muffins. We have applied our knowledge of food systems to investigate ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Jun 8
U-M study highlights multiple factors of ADHD medication use
ANN ARBOR -- Youth who take Ritalin, Adderall or other stimulant medications for ADHD over an extended period of time early in life are no more at risk for substance abuse in later adolescence than teens without ADHD, according to a University of Michigan study. The findings also show that teens who start using stimulant medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder for a short time later in adolescence -- during middle or high school -- are at ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Jun 8
Teenage boys who show empathy attract 1.8 more girlfriends than boys who don't
Boys high in cognitive empathy attracted an average of 1.8 more girl friendships than low empathy counterparts, as revealed by a landmark study - When Empathy Matters The Role of Sex and Empathy in Close Friendships. The Australian Research Council-funded research, led by Professor Joseph Ciarrochi at the Institute for Positive Psychology and Education at Australian Catholic University, has been published in the Journal of Personality . It is the first stu ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Jun 8
Anxiety disorders 'most common among women and young adults'
A new review of research into anxiety disorders has reported that women and adults under the age of 35 are more likely to experience anxiety than other groups.
Medical News Today - Tue. Jun 7
Don't Say Cheese: Harbaugh Photo Ops
According to social media, Jim Harbaugh was signing autographs at his satellite camp in Florida, when a compliance officer informed him that the NCAA had just made a rule forbidding him to sign autographs or pose for pictures with potential recruits and their families during the satellite camps The Jim Harbaugh rule. Hmmm curious the NCAA represents over a thousand colleges and Universities, 99 voting conferences, and 39 affiliate groups. So, as controvers ...
Psychology Today - Tue. Jun 7
Exhaustion: A History
We are not the only culture to struggle with the demon of exhaustion, and the struggle is not limited to modern times. The condition was known to different eras by different terms neurasthenia, exhaustion, burnout. It is part of the eternal struggle to conserve our personal resources. Every generation seems to believe it is the most exhausted in history. We re no different. But are we right Every age battles with its own historically specific challenges. A ...
Psychology Today - Tue. Jun 7
Two Steps Toward Intercultural Competence
This post was written by Lawrence T. White.
Psychology Today - Tue. Jun 7
Study examines unsafe behaviors in older adults who likely have dementia
Older adults who likely have dementia but have not been given the diagnosis are more likely to engage in potentially unsafe activities, new research suggests. Among 7609 Medicare beneficiaries, those with probable dementia were more likely to drive, prepare hot meals, manage finances, manage medications, and attend doctor visits alone if they had not received a dementia diagnosis than if they had received a diagnosis. It s important for physicians and fami ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jun 7
Anti-epileptic drug linked to birth defects when taken with other drugs
In an analysis of pregnancies in Australia from 1999 to 2014 in which women were taking anti-epileptic drugs, fetal malformation rates fell over time in pregnancies where only one drug was taken, but rates increased in pregnancies where multiple drugs were taken. The rise in such polytherapy malformation rates began around 2005 when levetiracetam and topiramate use began to increase. Malformation rates were similar in polytherapy pregnancies whether or not ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jun 7
New test allows for one-step diagnosis of HCV infection
The current standard in diagnosing Hepatitis C virus HCV infection requires two sequential steps that make it suboptimal, costly, inconvenient, time consuming, and globally not widely available or affordable. Now researchers have developed a novel enzyme immunoassay that accomplishes screening and diagnosis in one simple and affordable step. In a Hepatology study that included 365 blood specimens, the assay was highly sensitive and specific for HCV infecti ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jun 7
What happens when parents comment on their daughter's weight?
The less you comment on your daughter s weight, the less likely she is to be dissatisfied with her weight as an adult according to a new study from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab. The findings published in Eating Weight Disorders show that women who recall their parents commenting on their weight are more prone to being overweight and are less satisfied with their weight as adults. Commenting on a woman s weight is never a good idea, even when they are you ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Jun 7
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