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Therapy And Wellness News

Caffeine has little to no benefit after 3 nights of sleep restriction
DARIEN, IL - A new study found that after restricting sleep to 5 hours per night, caffeine use no longer improved alertness or performance after three nights. Results show that relative to placebo, caffeine significantly improved Psychomotor Vigilance Task PVT performance during the first 2 days, but not the last 3 days of sleep restriction. We were particularly surprised that the performance advantage conferred by two daily 200 mg doses of caffeine was lo ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 13
Video game playing negatively influences adequate sleep and bedtimes
DARIEN, IL - A new study found that gamers will push off obtaining adequate sleep in order to continue video gaming. Results show that on average, gamers delayed going to bed 36 percent of the nights they played video games. Average game playing was 4.6 nights per week. The average delay in bedtime on the nights spent gaming was 101 minutes. These finding provide further insight into factors that influence individuals decision making when determining if th ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 13
Sleep duration varies by alcohol drinking patterns, race, and sex
DARIEN, IL - A new study found that alcohol-sleep relationship differed importantly by race and sex. Compared to their white counterparts within each alcohol drinking pattern never, moderate, excessive investigated, black men and women were significantly more likely to get less than 6 hours of sleep, less likely to get 7 to 8 hours of sleep and generally more likely to get 9 or more hours of sleep. Short sleep disparity increased with increasing alcohol co ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 13
PET/CT reveals adaptations of the alcoholic brain
San Diego, Calif. - Alcoholism is a devastating disorder that too often leads to a perpetual cycle of abuse. An emerging molecular imaging technique may provide a way to break that cycle. It could signal patients heightened risk and lead to targeted drug treatments that reduce the compulsion to drink, say researchers presenting at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging SNMMI . According to 2016 statistics from the ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 13
Six in ten adults prescribed opioid painkillers have leftover pills
In the midst of an epidemic of prescription painkiller addiction and overdose deaths, a new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health survey suggests that more than half of patients prescribed opioids have leftover pills -- and many save them to use later. The researchers, reporting June 13, 2016 in JAMA Internal Medicine , also found that nearly half of those surveyed reported receiving no information on how to safely store their medications, either ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 13
Opioid unknowns
Nearly 15 percent of opioid-na 239 ve patients hospitalized under Medicare are discharged with a new prescription for opioids, according to a study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine . Among those patients who received a prescription, 40 percent were still taking opioids 90 days after discharge. The rate of prescription varied almost twofold between hospitals, with some hospitals discharging as many as 20 percent of patients with a prescription for ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Jun 13
Is Trump a Tyrant? What His Tweets Say
Liberal firebrand Senator Elizabeth Warren called him a wannabe tyrant. The conservative magazine National Review ran an essay titled, Donald Trump Thin-Skinned Tyrant. This tyrant talk seems to be sticking to the Donald, the presumptive Republican presidential nominee for 2016. That s a pretty tough label to stick on someone. Some horrifically bad guys have been called tyrant Caligula Roman Emperor, 37-41 AD Ivan IV Tsar of Russia, 1533-1584 Josef Stalin ...
Psychology Today - Sun. Jun 12
Clinician’s Corner: Well-being and African Americans
As a clinical psychologist and professor who teach courses on multicultural issues and diversity, my work often intersects with understanding how cultural factors impact the lives of African Americans. Research has historically discussed how spirituality and religion are central in the lives of many African American families. However, it is important to not assume that these cultural variables are significant to all African Americans. A new study in the Ju ...
Psychology Today - Sun. Jun 12
Are We All Becoming Pavlov’s Dogs?
I do a lot of people watching and I have noticed that we are now spending more time with our faces staring at our phone than we spend with our faces looking around the world or looking directly at another person. In a recent study colleagues and I asked 216 undergraduate students to use an app called Instant Quantified Self that tallied the number of times the student unlocked his her phone during the day and how many minutes it remained unlocked. Striking ...
Psychology Today - Sun. Jun 12
What kind of a leader are you?
Throughout most of the animal kingdom, leadership is based on size and power The leader of a group of chimpanzees is simply a big bully , who threatens the other group members into submission. Some human leaders, such as Libya s Muammar Gaddafi, Uganda s Idi Amin, and Russia s Joseph Stalin, have tended to follow this model as well.
Psychology Today - Sat. Jun 11
On Hyper-Sanity
Self-deception is the price that we pay for our sanity. This self-deception holds us together by shielding us from truths that threaten to undermine our sense of self, or ego integrity. A person on the verge of ego disintegration makes frenzied use of self-deceptive ego defences. The resulting loss of perspective or change in function can in itself count as mental disorder, while the ultimate capitulation of the ego defences leads in particular into the de ...
Psychology Today - Sat. Jun 11
TMS for Depression Adds to Therapy Methods
Antidepressant medication , often SSRIs like Prozac or Zoloft, and cognitive-behavioral therapy relieve depression in many patients, but not all of them. So wouldn t it be a big step forward to find an additional kind of treatment that might benefit others One answer might be TMS, or Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, available only for the past few years. It s not science fiction, but based on the scientific observation that an electrical current through ...
Psychology Today - Sat. Jun 11
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