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Health And Wellness News

Researchers find neural switch that turns dreams on and off
At the flip of a switch, University of California, Berkeley, neuroscientists can send a sleeping mouse into dreamland. The researchers inserted an optogenetic switch into a group of nerve cells located in the ancient part of the brain called the medulla, allowing them to activate or inactivate the neurons with laser light. When the neurons were activated, sleeping mice entered REM sleep within seconds. REM sleep, characterized by rapid eye movements, is th ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
Our ancestors probably didn't get 8 hours a night, either
They stay up late into the evening, average less than 6.5 hours of sleep and rarely nap. College students during final exams Working moms Hard-charging executives Think again, says a UCLA-led team of researchers who studied sleeping patterns among traditional peoples whose lifestyles closely resemble those of our evolutionary ancestors. What the team found among the Hadza of Tanzania, the San of Namibia and the Tsimane of Bolivia challenges conventional wi ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
How reward and daytime sleep boost learning
A new study suggests that receiving rewards as you learn can help cement new facts and skills in your memory, particularly when combined with a daytime nap. The findings from the University of Geneva, to be published in the journal eLife , reveal that memories associated with a reward are preferentially reinforced by sleep. Even a short nap after a period of learning is beneficial. Rewards may act as a kind of tag, sealing information in the brain during l ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
The alcohol industry is not meeting its 'Responsibility Deal' labeling pledges
A new study from the London School of Hygiene Tropical Medicine, published online in the journal Addiction , has found that the signatories to the Public Health Responsibility Deal alcohol labelling pledge are not fully meeting their pledge. Labelling information frequently falls short of best practice, with fonts and logos smaller than would be accepted on other products with health effects. The UK Public Health Responsibility Deal was launched in 2011 as ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
Brief interventions in primary care clinics could curb patients' drug use
A few minutes of counseling in a primary care setting could go a long way toward steering people away from risky drug use -- and possibly full-fledged addiction, a UCLA-led study suggests. People who participated in the Quit Using Drugs Intervention Trial, or Project QUIT, which was a randomized controlled trial conducted in medical clinics, reduced their risky drug use by one-third when primary care doctors and health coaches provided them with brief inte ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
College students say prescription stimulants easy to find on campus
COLUMBUS, Ohio - Seven out of 10 college students say it is somewhat or very easy to obtain controlled stimulants without a prescription, according to a new survey conducted on eight U.S. campuses. About 18 percent of undergraduates reported misusing prescription stimulants such as Adderall, the 2015 College Prescription Drug Study CPDS found. The great majority 83 percent received them from friends and most said they used the drug to help them study or im ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
Updated Pap smear test guidelines lead to decreased STI screening, study finds
TORONTO, Oct. 15, 2015 -- Following the introduction of Cancer Care Ontario s 2012 cervical cancer screening guidelines, female patients were 50 per cent less likely to undergo screening for sexually transmitted infections, a new St. Michael s study has found. The research, published today in Canadian Family Physician , tracked patient charts across five primary care sites at St. Michael s Hospital in the year before the guidelines changed and the year aft ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
Alcohol and first sexual experience: Risks for young women
BUFFALO, N.Y. - If a young woman s first sexual experience involves alcohol, she is more likely to be at risk for problems such as sexual assault, and this risk may persist in her future, new research finds. The study, authored by Jennifer A. Livingston, PhD, senior research scientist at the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions RIA , surveyed 228 women, ages 18 to 20, about their sexual experiences and drinking habits. The average age the ...
EurekAlert - Fri. Oct 16
Integral Culture, Spirituality, and a Category Error
What follows is an essay that was authored by Dr. Andre Marquis and has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 2015, vol. 10 1 . It is reprinted with permission here, with minor revisions. This blog is the second in a two part series. The first blog, Positioning Our Knowledge in Four Quadrants , introduces readers to Ken Wilber s integral theory, especially his conception of the four quadrants that provide a meta-theo ...
Psychology Today - Wed. Oct 14
Authentic Kindness in Work and in Life
Most of the time, in work and in life, it is the nice guys who finish first. For many of us, this seems na ve or just plain wrong. We have all seen coworkers, bosses, clients, vendors and providers who seize every opportunity they can to take credit, take advantage, take anything they can at the expense of anyone and everyone. But Wharton psychologist Adam Grant points out that when surveying the data across over 3,500 business units, researchers found tha ...
Psychology Today - Wed. Oct 14
Different types of child abuse: Similar consequences
Emotional abuse may be as harmful as physical abuse and neglect. This finding led by a team of researchers at McGill complements previous imaging research showing that emotional and physical pain both activate the same parts of the brain. Different types of abuse, same consequences Emotional abuse, which includes behaviors such as ridicule, intimidation, rejection, and humiliation, is much more common than physical abuse and neglect. Worldwide prevalence e ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Oct 14
New data may help physicians better understand risk of lung cancer
COLUMBIA, Mo. Oct. 14, 2015 - Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, second only to cardiovascular disease. Lung cancer, the most common form, causes more deaths than breast, prostate and colorectal cancers combined. Now, University of Missouri researchers have developed a new scoring system for a common lung cancer diagnostic test that may help physicians better understand the risk for malignancy when evaluating patients. Endobronchial ultrasound-g ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Oct 14
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