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Therapy And Wellness News

Study examines cannabis' effects on brain neurochemistry
A new Addiction Biology study provides the first evidence of a blunted response to stress-induced dopamine signaling in the brain s prefrontal cortex in individuals at high risk for psychosis who regularly used cannabis. Little is known about the effects of cannabis on brain neurochemistry, and specifically about its impact on dopamine signaling. Of note, a recent analysis found a dose-response relationship between higher cannabis use and increased risk fo ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
The impacts of smoking on patients with ulcerative colitis
Because smokers are less likely to develop ulcerative colitis UC , a type of inflammatory bowel disease, patients with UC may be tempted to start smoking to lessen their symptoms. Researchers found no beneficial effects of smoking, however, in a nationwide study that included 6,754 patients with UC. In the Alimentary Pharmacology Therapeutics study, smokers and never-smokers with UC had similar outcomes with respect to flares, medication use, hospitalisati ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Six in 10 children receive opioids after tonsillectomy
ANN ARBOR, Mich. - Sixty percent of privately insured children undergoing tonsil removal received opioids -with average prescriptions lasting about six to 10 days - a new study finds. And while the more powerful painkillers are often prescribed because they have been believed to reduce the risk of complications such as poorly controlled pain, researchers did not find evidence indicating that opioids protected children against those risks. The Michigan Medi ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Health effects of eating marijuana is subject of a new study
INDIANAPOLIS -- Researchers have conducted a study in which mice voluntarily ate a dough containing THC, the primary psychoactive component in marijuana. That opens the door to additional studies that will help shed light on behavioral and physiological effects that occur in people when they eat food infused with marijuana. The study is among the first to report on voluntary oral THC consumption in animals, a method of consumption that is similar to the wa ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Study shows pediatricians can help parents to quit smoking
BOSTON - An NIH-funded study published in JAMA Pediatrics has shown pediatricians can help parents quit smoking. The research, led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital for Children MGHfC , was conducted across five states--North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Ohio and Indiana--and delivered a simple, customizable intervention Upon check-in at their child s appointment, parents took an electronic questionnaire that asked whether any smokers in ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Adults who mix cannabis with opioids for pain report higher anxiety, depression
A researcher from the University of Houston has found that adults who take prescription opioids for severe pain are more likely to have increased anxiety, depression and substance abuse issues if they also use marijuana. Given the fact that cannabis potentially has analgesic properties, some people are turning to it to potentially manage their pain, Andrew Rogers, said in describing the work published in the Journal of Addiction Medicine . Rogers focuses o ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Physicians call for an end to conversion therapy
Boston -- Conversion therapy is a broad term used to describe practices and actions aimed at changing people s sexual orientation or gender identity - to turn anyone who doesn t identify as straight into a straight person. Historically, conversion therapies have used electroshock therapy, chemical drugs, hormone administrations and even surgery. While these extreme practices are becoming rarer, many other harmful actions are still taking place, negatively ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Erectile dysfunction associated with lower work productivity in men
Erectile dysfunction ED was linked with loss of work productivity and with lower health-related quality of life in an International Journal of Clinical Practice study of more than 52,000 men from eight countries. In the study of men aged 40 to 70 years in Brazil, China, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States, the overall ED prevalence was 49.7 , with Italy reporting the highest rate 54.7 . Men with ED reported significantl ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Fear of predators causes PTSD-like changes in brains of wild animals
Fear can be measured in the brain and fearful life-threatening events can leave quantifiable long-lasting traces in the neural circuitry of the brain with enduring effects on behaviour, as shown most clearly in post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD . A new study by Western University demonstrates that the fear predators inspire can leave long-lasting traces in the neural circuitry of wild animals and induce enduringly fearful behaviour, comparable to effects ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Teens feel pressured to get pregnant
Female adolescents are experiencing relationship abuse at alarming rates, according to a new Michigan State University study that specifically researched reproductive coercion - a form of abuse in which a woman is pressured to become pregnant against her wishes. Heather McCauley, assistant professor in the School of Social Work, and co-researchers found nearly one in eight females between ages 14 and 19 experienced reproductive coercion within the last thr ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
Motivations for sexting can be complicated, UA researcher says
Amidst a surge in research and media reports on the potentially negative consequences of sexting, a University of Arizona researcher is exploring what motivates young people to send sexually explicit images of themselves via text message in the first place. The explanation isn t as straightforward as one might think, especially when it comes to young women, says UA sociology doctoral student Morgan Johnstonbaugh, who presented her research during the Ameri ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Aug 12
New Research: How Much Screen Time Is Bad for Kids?
Sitting in front of a screen is bad for you. Then it 8217 s good for you. Then it 8217 s bad for you again. But, like, only a bit. Allow me to explain. 8230 This is exactly the hypothesis that two researchers from the University of Oxford tested in a paper called 8220 A Large-Scale Test of the Goldilocks Hypothesis Quantifying the Relations Between Digital-Screen Use and the Mental Well Being of Adolescents. 8221 Przybylski and Weinstein, 2017 . The author ...
Psychological Science - Mon. Aug 12
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