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Therapy And Wellness News

Increased depression and suicidal behavior risk for young cannabis users
Montreal, February 13, 2019 -Adolescent cannabis use has been linked to an increased risk of depression and suicidal behaviour in young adulthood, according to the first meta-analysis by a team of scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre RI-MUHC and McGill University, in collaboration with the University of Oxford and Rutgers University-Camden, which is published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry today. The conclusions were ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Scientists discover how neuroactive steroids dampen inflammatory signaling in ...
CHAPEL HILL, NC - For the first time, scientists discovered how neuroactive steroids naturally found in the brain and bloodstream inhibit the activity of a specific kind of protein called Toll-like receptors TLR4 , which have been known to play a role in inflammation in many organs, including the brain. This UNC School of Medicine-University of Maryland collaboration, published in Nature Scientific Reports , shows how the neurosteroid allopregnanolone prev ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Researchers find genetic vulnerability to menthol cigarette use
A genetic variant found only in people of African descent significantly increases a smoker s preference for cigarettes containing menthol, a flavor additive. The variant of the MRGPRX4 gene is five to eight times more frequent among smokers who use menthol cigarettes than other smokers, according to an international group of researchers supported by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the National Institutes of Health. The multiethnic study is the fi ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Drinking contexts associated with early onset of alcohol intoxication among ad...
Early onset drinking, drinking and intoxication at an early age among adolescents, has been identified as a primary risk for later heavy drinking, alcohol problems, and alcohol dependence among youth and young adults. To prevent or delay early onset drinking, we must know more about the modifiable circumstances that enable these behaviors. New research by scientists at the Prevention Research Center PRC of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Heavy smoking can damage vision, Rutgers researcher finds
Smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day can damage your vision, a study co-authored by a Rutgers researcher finds. The research appears in the journal Psychiatry Research . The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 34.3 million adults in the United States currently smoke cigarettes and that more than 16 million live with a smoking-related disease, many of which affect the cardiovascular system. The study included 71 healthy people who smo ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
The feminization of men leads to a rise in homophobia
Before the feminist revolution in the late 1960s, men largely built their masculinity on traits that opposed those assigned to women. Since then, society has been moving more and more towards gender equality, and men can no longer rely on this anti-feminine norm. What are the effects of this shift on masculinity affirmation Researchers at the University of Geneva UNIGE , Switzerland, have revealed that some men assert their manhood by stressing their heter ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Do economic conditions affect pregnancy outcomes?
Economic downturn during early pregnancy was linked with modest increases in preterm birth in a Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology analysis. For the analysis, researchers examined a dataset of all singleton births in Michigan from 1990-2012. Each one percentage point increase in state unemployment in the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with a modest 3 increase in the odds of preterm birth. Rates of preterm birth in the U.S. are higher than o ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Study reveals bias in children even before they reach kindergarten
In a Developmental Science study of preschool-aged children, implicit and explicit evaluations of Black boys were less positive than evaluations of Black girls, White boys, or White girls. This gendered racial bias was exhibited by both White and non-White children and was not correlated with their exposure to diversity. It also mirrors social bias observed in adults. The study, which reveals the earliest evidence of bias at the intersection of race and ge ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
LGB and other sexual minorities face significant health disparities
Sexual minorities -- people who are attracted to members of the same sex or who identify as gay, lesbian or bisexual -- are at a higher risk for several different health problems at different points in their lives, according to Penn State researchers. The researchers found that sexual minorities were more likely to experience drug and alcohol use disorders, anxiety and depressive disorders, and cardiovascular disease, among other negative health outcomes. ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Demand for long-acting contraception rose sharply after 2016 election
Boston, MA -- Not long after Donald Trump was elected president, descriptive reports began rolling in Demand for long-acting, reversible contraception LARCs such as intrauterine devices IUDs and implants seemed to be on the rise. But was this trend based on a real shift in women s use of LARCs or just due to normal fluctuations in interest in IUDs and implants or due to other factors A new, robust study conducted by investigators at Brigham and Women s Hos ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
New research debunks importance of eye contact
Remember that magical moment when you first locked eyes with your partner and felt an instant connection Chances are they were looking at your mouth. Or your ear. Yes, eye contact might be all in our heads, according to new research by Edith Cowan University. Using eye tracking technology, ECU researchers have demonstrated that people don t need to mindfully look at the eyes of their audience to be perceived as making eye contact during face-to-face conver ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
Providers' concerns about behavior change don't justify withholding HIV PrEP
Boston, MA - Preexposure prophylaxis PrEP for HIV is an antiretroviral pill that is over 90 effective in preventing HIV acquisition when taken as prescribed. A new Perspective, published in the February 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine , examines clinicians concerns and biases toward prescribing PrEP and suggests strategies to mitigate those biases. The Perspective, Risk Compensation and Clinical Decision Making -- The Case of HIV Preexposure ...
EurekAlert - Mon. Feb 18
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