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Therapy And Wellness News

Flu vaccine helps reduce hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia
More than half of hospitalizations due to influenza pneumonia could be prevented by influenza vaccination, according to a study led by investigators at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, published this week in the Journal of the American Medical Association . We estimated that about 57 percent of influenza-related pneumonia hospitalization could be prevented through influenza vaccination, said Carlos Grijalva, M.D., MPH, associate professor of Health Po ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Can exercise be replaced with a pill?
Everyone knows that exercise improves health, and ongoing research continues to uncover increasingly detailed information on its benefits for metabolism, circulation, and improved functioning of organs such as the heart, brain, and liver. With this knowledge in hand, scientists may be better equipped to develop exercise pills that could mimic at least some of the beneficial effects of physical exercise on the body. But a review of current development effor ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Gut bacteria population, diversity linked to anorexia nervosa
October 5, 2015 CHAPEL HILL, NC - Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine found that people with anorexia nervosa have very different microbial communities residing inside their guts compared to healthy individuals and that this bacterial imbalance is associated with some of the psychological symptoms related to the eating disorder. The findings, published today in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine , provide more evidence that the abundance and diversit ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Molecular switch keeps the circadian clock running on time
Circadian rhythms help everything from plants to humans coordinate with the daily light-dark cycle, but how this natural clock keeps accurate time, or why it goes awry in people with sleep disorders, is still under investigation. New findings, published October 1 in Molecular Cell , suggest that a molecular switch balances the activity of two key proteins that keep the central timepiece of the clock--the daily accumulation and degradation of the PER2 prote ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Later bedtimes may lead to an increase in body mass index over time
DARIEN, IL - A new study suggests that going to bed late during the workweek from adolescence to adulthood is associated with an increase in body mass index over time. Results of hierarchal linear models involving a nationally representative sample of more than 3,000 participants show that going to bed during the workweek each additional hour later is associated with an increase in BMI of 2.1 kg m2. Moreover, surprising to the researchers, the relationship ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Late bedtimes could lead to weight gain
Teenagers and adults who go to bed late on weeknights are more likely to gain weight than their peers who hit the hay earlier, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley, that has found a correlation between sleep and body mass index. Berkeley researchers analyzed longitudinal data from a nationally representative cohort of more than 3,300 youths and adults, and found that for every hour of sleep they lost, they gained 2.1 points ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Risk profiling is key to managing pain in era of opioid abuse
Patients undergoing rehabilitation for physical injuries and their physicians can better understand who is most at risk of abusing opioids by reviewing their family history, lifestyle and environment for critical cues about susceptibility to addiction, according to physical medicine and rehabilitation experts. Risk assessments are one of the few tools available for patients and physicians concerned about using opioids to manage debilitating pain during phy ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Benzodiazepines ineffective in treating anxiety disorders and may increase dem...
Patients taking benzodiazepines to treat psychiatric conditions should consider transitioning to other therapies because of heightened risks for dementia and death, according to clinicians from the American College of Osteopathic Neurologists and Psychiatrists. Benzodiazepines include branded prescription drugs like Valium, Ativan, Klonopin and Xanax. This class of drug received FDA approval in the 1960s and was believed to be a safer alternative to barbit ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
NYU research: Severe liver damage in mid/late-adulthood among PWID with chroni...
The Hepatitis C virus HCV infection is a chronic blood-borne viral infection that affects an estimated 160 million people, or 2-3 of the population world-wide. Alarmingly, chronic HCV infection accounts for one-quarter of the cases of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma HCC . If HCV is left untreated, chronic liver disease will occur in 60-70 of the cases, cirrhosis in 5-20 of the cases, and 1-5 will die from decompensated cirrhosis or HCC. In most high ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Study finds high HPV prevalence in subset of Peruvian men
RIVERSIDE, Calif. - A decade ago, a clinical trial of human papillomavirus HPV vaccine in brothel-based female sex workers took Brandon Brown of the University of California, Riverside to Peru, a country where HIV prevalence is high, the epidemic concentrated in men who have sex with men MSM . While licensed female sex workers in Peru are highly exposed to HPV, they are not as likely as MSM to have HIV, said Brown, an assistant professor in the School of M ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Unconscious bias among physicians results in low quality care for LGBT, disabl...
Physicians unconscious attitudes toward special patient populations like disabled and LGBT patients may be partially responsible for poorer overall health observed in these communities, according to a Rowan University professor of family medicine. Physicians reluctance to discuss disabilities, sex, work and independence with disabled patients, who comprise nearly 20 percent of Americans, deprives patients of high quality care by leaving important health co ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
Many women experience 'post-sex blues'
Very few studies on female sexual dysfunction have looked at postcoital dysphoria PCD , or post-sex blues, which is characterized by tearfulness, a sense of melancholy or depression, anxiety, agitation, or aggression following sexual intercourse. Among 230 female university students who completed an online survey, 46 of respondents reported experiencing PCD symptoms at least once in their lifetime, with 5.1 experiencing PCD symptoms a few times within the ...
EurekAlert - Tue. Oct 6
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