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Therapy And Wellness News

BMI is a good measure of health after all, new study finds
A new study from the University of Bristol supports body mass index BMI as a useful tool for assessing obesity and health. A simple measure based on weight and height, BMI is widely used to assess if a person is of a healthy weight. But its reliability as a health measure is often criticized, as it does not distinguish fat from muscle and does not tell us where body fat is stored. Using body scans from 2,840 young people aged 10 and 18 in Bristol s Childre ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Fighting obesity -- could it be as plain as dirt?
It costs the global economy an estimated US 2 trillion annually and has been dubbed a modern day health epidemic, but new research from the University of South Australia has unearthed a possible cure for obesity - and it is as plain as dirt Investigating how clay materials can improve drug delivery, UniSA researcher and PhD candidate, Tahnee Dening serendipitously discovered that the clay materials she was using had a unique ability to soak up fat droplets ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Calories in popular restaurant chain meals 'excessive' warn experts
The calorie content of popular main meals served in UK and international restaurant chains is excessive and only a minority meet public health recommendations, finds a University of Liverpool study published in the Christmas issue of The BMJ . University of Liverpool researchers call for the food industry to reduce the number of calories in food products sold to the general public and for mandatory labelling of all restaurant food. England s national publi ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Gut hormone increases response to food
The holiday season is a hard one for anyone watching their weight. The sights and smells of food are hard to resist. One factor in this hunger response is a hormone found in the stomach that makes us more vulnerable to tasty food smells, encouraging overeating and obesity. New research on the hormone ghrelin was published on today in Cell Reports on Dec. 4, 2018, led by Dr. Alain Dagher s lab at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital of McGill Un ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Neurotechnology provides real-time readouts of where rats think they are
The rat in a maze may be one of the most classic research motifs in brain science, but a new innovation described in Cell Reports by an international collaboration of scientists shows just how far such experiments are still pushing the cutting edge of technology and neuroscience alike. In recent years, scientists have shown that by recording the electrical activity of groups of neurons in key areas of the brain they could read a rat s thoughts of where it ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Regular bedtimes and sufficient sleep for children may lead to healthier teens
Having a regular, age-appropriate bedtime and getting sufficient sleep from early childhood may be important for healthy body weight in adolescence, according to researchers at Penn State. The researchers identified groups of children by bedtime and sleep routines and tested longitudinal associations for each group with adolescent body mass index BMI . Results are published Dec. 4 in the journal SLEEP . The findings suggest that childhood bedtime and sleep ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Effect of oral alfacalcidol on clinical outcomes in patients without secondary...
Treatment with active vitamin D did not decrease cardiovascular events in kidney patients undergoing hemodialysis -- A research group in Japan reported their research results in the December 11 issue of JAMA . Death risk did not decrease either , according to the principal investigator Dr. Tetsuo Shoji, Research Professor at Department of Vascular Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. Vitamin D is known to link to health and m ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
USC study examines disruption of circadian rhythm as risk factor for diseases
USC scientists report that a novel time-keeping mechanism within liver cells that helps sustain key organ tasks can contribute to diseases when its natural rhythm is disrupted. This dual function of the nuclear receptor protein HNF4A offers a potential explanation for diseases such as diabetes and cancers. It also helps explain why such maladies are more common for people living with disrupted sleep, including night-shift workers, urban dwellers and intern ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Teens get more sleep with later school start time, researchers find
When Seattle Public Schools announced that it would reorganize school start times across the district for the fall of 2016, the massive undertaking took more than a year to deploy. Elementary schools started earlier, while most middle and all of the district s 18 high schools shifted their opening bell almost an hour later -- from 7 50 a.m. to 8 45 a.m. Parents had mixed reactions. Extracurricular activity schedules changed. School buses were redeployed. A ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Delayed high school start times in Seattle increase sleep, grades and attendance
In Seattle, Washington, delaying the start time of two high schools by nearly an hour lengthened students daily sleep by more than half an hour, and was associated with reduced sleepiness and increased academic performance. Notably, in the students at the school that was more economically disadvantaged, the delayed start time was also associated with an increase in punctuality and attendance. These results offer quantitative evidence that delaying school s ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Pot withdrawal eased for dependent users
New Haven, Conn. -- A new drug can help people diagnosed with cannabis use disorder reduce withdrawal symptoms and marijuana use, a new Yale-led study published Dec. 6 in the journal Lancet Psychiatry shows. The double-blind, placebo-controlled study shows marijuana use declined among subjects who were administered the new drug -- a fatty acid inhibitor that acts upon endocannabinoid metabolic receptors in the brain -- compared to those receiving a placebo ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
Alterations in brain networks explain why some children are resilient to maltr...
Philadelphia, December 6, 2018 People who experience childhood maltreatment frequently have perturbations in their brain architecture, regardless of whether they develop psychiatric symptoms, but a study in Biological Psychiatry found additional alterations in people who don t develop symptoms. The study, by researchers at McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, suggests that the additional changes may help compensate for the effects of maltreatment. The ...
EurekAlert - Wed. Dec 12
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