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Health And Wellness News

Is Addiction a Disease of the Brain?
This blog is based on a portion of a talk I gave on a conference held at James Madison University on the Opioid Epidemic . In the interest of length, I focus here only on how to understand addiction from my perspective as a health service psychologist who operates from a unified framework of psychology and psychotherapy . I will not dive into other areas covered in the presentation, such as who tends to become addicted and how people trapped in such addict ...
Psychology Today - Sat. Nov 11
Seeking Self-Improvement? Start with IQ...by Ditching It
For those of you struggling with the question of how to make improvements physically, emotionally, financially, etc. but you are not sure how IQ fits in, here are some ideas about intelligence that might help. A quick question first. Identify the logic behind this sequence of numbers 8 5 4 9 1 7 6 3 2 0 Defining IQ Originally defined as the ratio of mental age to chronological age, intelligence quotient IQ now represents a person s performance relative to ...
Psychology Today - Sat. Nov 11
Frequent alcohol drinking kills new brain cells in adults, females are more vu...
GALVESTON, Texas -- Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston recently discovered that alcohol killed the stem cells residing in adult mouse brains. Because the brain stems cells create new nerve cells and are important to maintaining normal cognitive function, this study possibly opens a door to combating chronic alcoholism. The researchers also found that brain stem cells in key brain regions of adult mice respond differently t ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
Cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain -- can CBT help fight the Opioid...
Nov. 9, 2017 - By teaching patients better strategies for coping with chronic pain, cognitive behavioral therapy CBT is a valuable treatment alternative for the millions of Americans taking opioids for noncancer pain, according to an article in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice . The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer . Cognitive behavioral therapy is a useful and empirically based method of treatment for pain disorders that can decrease reliance on ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
Simple blood test identifies critically ill patients who misuse alcohol, study...
MAYWOOD, IL - A simple blood test for a compound called PEth can accurately identify critically ill hospital patients who misuse alcohol, a study has found. The finding is important because patients who misuse alcohol tend to have worse outcomes. If validated in further studies, the PEth test could help doctors anticipate and perhaps ward off alcohol-related complications such as organ failure and impaired healing of wounds and bones. The study, published ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
Discovery could lead to new treatment for anxiety, addiction
New research provides fresh insight into how the brain processes reward and punishment, opening new avenues for developing treatment of conditions ranging from anxiety to addictive behaviors such as drug abuse. The study, published in the journal eLife , used a rodent model to identify a specific network within the brain closely tied to risk assessment. Our actions often involve varying risks of an aversive outcome. Our brains need to factor in this risk f ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
Uneven growth in US medical and health R&D investments across sectors
ARLINGTON, Va. -- Nov. 10, 2017 -- Total U.S. investment in medical and health R D in the U.S. grew by 20.6 from 2013 to 2016 led by industry and the federal government, according to U.S. Investments in Medical and Health Research and Development, a new report from Research America. Industry continues to invest more than any other sector, accounting for 67.4 of total spending in 2016, followed by the federal government at 21.9 . Federal investments increas ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
Sleeping through the snoring: Researchers id neurons that rouse the brain to b...
BOSTON - A common and potentially serious sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apnea affects at least one quarter of U.S. adults and is linked to increased risk of diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease. In a paper published today in the journal Neuron , researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center BIDMC identified specific neural circuitry responsible for rousing the brain of mice in simulated apnea conditions. The findings could lead to potenti ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
'Morning larks' have weaker sleep spindles during night than 'night owls'
A new Finnish study shows that individual circadian preference is associated with brain activity patterns during the night. Sleep spindles are bursts of oscillatory brain activity visible on an EEG that occur mainly during stage 2 sleep. Sleep spindles are linked for example to sleep maintenance and strengthening of the memory traces during sleep. The study explored the association between individual circadian preference and sleep spindle activity among 17 ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
When you're tired, your brain cells actually slow down
It has been established that sleep deprivation slows down our reaction time, but it has been unclear exactly how the lack of sleep affects brain activity and subsequent behavior. A new Tel Aviv University study published in Nature Medicine finds that individual neurons themselves slow down when we are sleep deprived, leading to delayed behavioral responses to events taking place around us. The neural lapse, or slowdown, affects the brain s visual perceptio ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
Insomnia linked to alcohol-use among adolescents, says Rutgers University-Camden
CAMDEN - Insomnia is linked to frequency of alcohol use among early adolescents, according to new Rutgers University-Camden research. Parents, educators, and therapists should consider insomnia to be a risk marker for alcohol use, and alcohol use a risk marker for insomnia, among early adolescents, writes Rutgers-Camden researcher Naomi Marmorstein in the study, published recently in the journal Addictive Behaviors . Marmorstein, a professor of psychology ...
EurekAlert - Sat. Nov 11
Teams Can Bounce Back From Early Conflicts Better Than Ever
A large body of research has shown that interpersonal conflicts within teams hurt performance long term. New research shows that conflict early on in a team s time together decreases performance specifically because the conflict causes people to feel threatened they feel the threat of future negative emotions, they worry that the group won t perform well, or that the trust between group members has been weakened by an argument or disagreement. In response ...
Psychological Science - Sat. Nov 11
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